Skip Navigation Links
Graeco Roman Egypt

Egypt under the Greek rule
Egypt was exposed to a Persian invasion, hence, becoming a part of their empire in 525 BC. The Egyptians were badly treated. In 341 BC. By 332 BC, Alexander the Great conquered Egypt as part of his takeover of the Persian Empire.

Egypt under the Roman rule
The Romans conquered Egypt in the year 30 BC, making it one of their provinces, thus, ending the Ptolemies' rule. Egypt turned to be the most precious possession of the Roman Empire for its unique geographical site. Click the link above to find more information.

Alexandria History Guide
The founding of Alexandria, the Ptolemaic city, Cleopatra the last pharaoh, Alexandria the roman city, Alexandria the Islamic city, Alexandria the modern city and...

Alexander the Great & Ptolemaic Dynasty
Alexander the Great took Egypt from the Persians in 332 BC and made it a part of the the Greek Empire. Following Alexander's death, his general Ptolemy I Soter established the Ptolemaic Dynasty the last dynasty that would rule Egypt with the title of Pharaoh.

Cleopatra VII
In the springtime of 51 BC, Ptolemy Auletes died and left his kingdom (Egypt) in his will to his eighteen year old daughter, Cleopatra, and her younger brother Ptolemy XIII.

Graeco Roman Monuments in Alexandria

The Roman Amphitheater
Well-preserved theatre with galleries, sections of mosaic-flooring, and marble seats for up to 800 spectators.

Pompay's Pillar
A National Historic Landmark approximately 25m red Aswan granite column constructed in honor of the Emperor Diocletain.

The Graeco Roman Museum
The Museum consists of 27 halls and an attractive garden, which offer an excellent introduction to the Greek and Roman art of Egypt.

Alexandria's Sunken Treasures
Due to series of violent earthquakes the northern parts of the city sunk below the depth of the sea, resulting in water encircling an incredible treasure.

The Catacombs of Kom El-Shoqafa
Tombs tunneled into the bedrock in the age of the Antonine emperors (2nd century A.D.)
Bibliotheca Alexandrina Antiquities Museum

Alexandria Monuments Photo Gallery